Importance of public education
Education is defined as the process of gaining information about the surrounding world CITATION Sar17 l 1033 (Stitzlein S. M., 2017). The most important aspect of public education is to reproduce a civic public CITATION Sti17 l 1033 (Stitzlein S. M., 2017). To achieve the goal of having a civic population, it requires having specific institutions such as public schools. Public schools are schools that are funded and administered by the government. Public education has numerous benefits ranging from providing a place for socializing, training and producing a workforce to support the economy, promoting individual growth and autonomy and most importantly impart skills and values to individuals to sustain a democratic society.
Education involve training and preparing someone to impart him with the necessary skills to participate in the society as a complete citizen. Therefore, students are taught the roles and duties of the government, the constitution, and their democratic rights as citizens CITATION Tri16 l 1033 (Stobie, 2016). Education prepare students to face future uncertainty and, therefore, it prioritizes developing effective habits and the ability to adapt and learn how to learn. CITATION Tri16 l 1033 (Stobie, 2016). The purpose of education is to mold young learners into responsible adults who can be useful to the society and the world at large. To do this, teachers have to be well educated and well equipped to guide their learners. They should make them, learners, to understand their rights, duties, and responsibilities to the society. This ensures that learners are fully aware of what is expected of them by the society.
Furthermore, learners should be aware of their democratic duties to their country CITATION Uni94 l 1033 (United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, & Villegas-Reimers, E, 1994). They, therefore, need to make informed decisions when electing their representatives. This will ensure that only those who are fully qualified and have good intentions for the society are elected. This, in turn, will bring growth and development to the society. Therefore, they must be equipped to engage in free and critical inquiry about the world and the problems surrounding them. Thus, they need the imagination and creativity to construct and share the story of democracy with others
Education enhances social bonding and friendship CITATION Tri16 l 1033 (Stobie, 2016). Students from different social and economic backgrounds come together to learn, and this helps them to form friendships and forge strong relationships CITATION Ale98 l 1033 (Alexie, 1998). This bond formed in school keeps students to stay connected even after completing their studies. Also, while at school students learn that people from other races, tribes and even other countries have the same need as theirs and therefore ought to be treated the same CITATION Ale98 l 1033 (Alexie, 1998). This knowledge enhances peace and love among them hence reducing cases of abuse based on race, tribe or nationality among educated people.
Education helps make the world a more peaceful and safer place. This is because it helps people to differentiate between right and wrong CITATION Sar17 l 1033 (Stitzlein S. M., 2017). An educated person completely knows the dangers of engaging in wrongful activities and those which are illegal. Since he/she is aware of the consequences, he will abstain from such activities unlike the uneducated who turn to illegal activities such as robbery to solve their problems. Educated people know their rights as citizens, the law and their responsibility to their community and this helps in improving the world to be safer and peaceful.
Education leads one to have a stable life and be independent. An educated person has better career options and can quickly land a good high paying job. With a good job and excellent reputation in the society, one can lead a happy and stable life CITATION Ale98 l 1033 (Alexie, 1998). This leads to one’s independence in life, that is, one can develop their ideas without having to worry about where to get finances or asking for permissions from parents. With a good job, one can earn income sufficient to earn him a livelihood and therefore easy to cater for the basic material needs of life.
Education enhances the economic growth of a country. Education is closely related to sustainable development of an economy and society CITATION Uni94 l 1033 (United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, ; Villegas-Reimers, E, 1994). Education increases human capital which is the most important resource of a nation. Educated people tend to be more productive which leads to an increase in production and consequently, an increase in income. Countries with very high literacy levels tend to be more developed, and the citizens have a high standard of living while in countries with low literacy levels many people live in poverty and their standard of living is low. Hence, education is important for the economic growth of a country.
Education also enhances literacy. It enables a person to have the ability to read and write and thus prevents one from being exploited and fooled CITATION Ale98 l 1033 (Alexie, 1998). In this world which is full of mischievous and immoral people, the illiterate can easily be exploited and conned into signing contracts which are not in their best interests or selling their property at prices below market value all because they are unable to read. This is not the case with educated people since they are well aware of their rights and freedoms.
Education helps us to give back to the community. Educated persons contribute back to the community by championing for the needs of the society and ensuring that members of the community are not exploited CITATION Pau93 l 1033 (Freire, 1993). The educated also educate the society about their rights and freedoms, and this ensures better delivery of services from the government as well as vendors. They also help in nation building by coming up with suggestions and better ways of doing things such as the discovery of new treatment methods and new medicines. People like engineers come up with projects that bring benefits to the community and the nation at large while others like teachers help to pass knowledge and skills to other people.
Another purpose of education is to produce good citizens. While in school, students are taught about democracy, the workings of the government and the constitution which is clear on their rights and freedoms CITATION Tri16 l 1033 (Stobie, 2016). Therefore, students learn about what is legally right and wrong, the consequences of such wrongs and the respect for spiritual and ethical values. This helps them to identify with the well-being of others and also to abide by the law and to make decisions which are moral, spiritually and ethically right
Education builds character, arouses curiosity and promotes intellectual discipline. It helps to build on the character of students by trying to give them a moral outlook. That is, it cultivates good moral behaviors in learners CITATION Pau93 l 1033 (Freire, 1993). It also plants the passion for knowing and understanding things which lead to arousal of intellectual curiosity, the appetite for more knowledge and development of the critical spirit which brings wisdom. An educated person has intellectual discipline and humility and is an earnest seeker of truth and knowledge with an open mind.
The purpose of education is to produce all rounded students who stand for what is right and who are fully aware of what life demands from them. Students who are willing and ready to sacrifice others things to go after what they want in life in a legally acceptable manner and in a way that they do not inhibit the rights and freedom of their fellow citizens. If education can fully achieve to inculcate good morals and responsibility to learners, then the world would be a much safer and better place where democracy thrives.
BIBLIOGRAPHY l 1033 Alexie, S. (1998). Superman and me. Los Angeles Times.
Freire, P. (1993). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New york: continuum books.
Stitzlein, S. M. (2017). Public Schooling and Democracy in the United States. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education, 1-15.
Stobie, T. (2016). Reflections on the 100th year anniversary of John Dewey’s.
United States. Agency for International Development. Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, & Villegas-Reimers, E. (1994). Education for democracy: The role of schools.