In “Our Post-Human Future”, Francis Fukuyama explore the issue that biotechnology causes many people in the world to become more worried about things that they shouldn’t have to be worried about. He starts off by addressing that genetic manipulation and eugenics, also known as the idea of breeding someone based on one’s most desirable traits, causes a moral conflict, “because any reservations we may have about progress need to be tempered with a recognition of its undisputed promise” (84). One could infer Fukayama means that there are some significant issues within genetic manipulation that no one is speaking about. He states that the two main reasons why genetic manipulation is unsettling, one being that prior to this day and age, it was not being used ethically, and two being that it’s ruining the concept of human nature.
As previously mentioned how eugenics was not being used morally and ethically back in the day, one could start by talking about The Nazi’s and how they’d murder and slaughter people just because they didn’t have the characteristics that was more valued. This historical reference would be a perfect example of Toni Morrison’s theme “Process of Othering” because a group of people were being segregated on things, they couldn’t control such as hair and eye color. Looking deeper into eugenics, many people could say that there is some relation to racism since there is discrimination of certain groups of people just because others feel that they are more ‘superior’ than the other. Not only was eugenics not practice morally back in the day but nowadays it isn’t doing it best, either. In some Asian countries they have the one child policy to lessen children with low IQs and that is whether the child had birth defects, or not.
And as far as human nature, Fukayama believes that eugenics are the primary reason for it being destroyed. He feels as though it’s not as natural as just having a child regularly with his or her mom’s dominant or recessive genes rather than creating a desirable child with one or the other. In today’s generation it’s easier to find out whether a child is born with defects or whether it has its mom recessive genes. Many fears that soon biotechnology is going to improve so well that just by testing the embryo, they’d know if their child has any problems. Fukayama states that “their range of reproductive choices will dramatically expand, as they cease to worry about infertility, birth defects, and a host of other problems” (87). Not only does it cause less worry but that would increase abortion controversies because people are now going to think that there aren’t any reproduction limitations, which includes religion and political views. Now, the parents won’t be able to just enjoy the idea of being pregnant and bringing more life into the world, rather they’d be more focused on if the child fits their ‘dream’ child, which in a way is very unfortunate.