No one likes poverty, or wants to continue it. People on both sides believe they have the solution, such as providing jobs or giving welfare benefits. Perhaps though, neither of these is a viable solution. One study showed that 46% of low-income families who did not earn a college degree continued in poverty while only 16% of those with a degree remained poor (Friedman). Higher education helps lift people out of poverty. A beginning point for this discussion is providing early childhood education because many poor families do not have the resources they need to help to give their kids the best start possible. Also, children’s minds are more open to learning in the early years. In addition, families need skills and opportunity so they can advance. Poverty can be greatly reduced with the expansion of early childhood education, job skills, and opportunity.
Poverty can be greatly reduced by improving education for low-income families.
First, the government needs to expand early childhood education. Researchers Jacob and Ludwig assert that the early years are the best time to intervene. They propose that childhood education programs generate better understanding and learning for long-term success in low-income children. The brain’s early stages absorb more information since it is constantly growing. As a result, children are more likely to be able store early education information long term (Jacob and Ludwig). Also, a great preschool and kindergarten experience will provide children with foundational skills where they can build off of and learn to become social with other kids. Families should not let their children skip these important and fundamental early stages in as it may negatively affect them in the long run (Lamy). In addition, dividing students based on ability and understanding instead of age could positively affect low-income families. A study in India Calledcale the Prathams flagship program, had the purpose of improving reading and writing skills. The children were grouped by level rather than by grade. Teaching-learning activities were “carried out in intensive short bursts of activity called Learning Camps” (“Read India”). In 30 days, 75% of the camps had more than 70% of participants doing basic reading and mathematics. Dividing students based on ability instead of age would help both teachers and students because teachers are able to teach everyone equally. The current system is based on helping the people in the middle. Advanced and below-grade level students are often overlooked. As a result, both groups end up suffering (“Read India”). By dividing children by ability in the early years, skills and success can be achieved. Poverty can be greatly reduced with improvements to expand early childhood education.
Poverty can be greatly reduced by adding job skills in low-income schools. First, jobs skills should start in high school. Job readiness skills known as “soft skills” are necessary. Educator Elizabeth Mulvahill states, “Soft skills are those characteristics that help a person function as an individual (motivation, self-confidence, and flexibility) as well as within a group (teamwork, negotiation, and respect). When it comes to workplace success, these skills are key” (Mulvahill). If these schools teach these skills, it will be easier for students to get and to keep jobs that can be helpful to build a strong work ethic. For instance, in 2017 the Employability Skills Framework was launched by the government to link “learning to the skills and capabilities that will mean young people can step into a successful working future” (“Employability Skills”). Programs like this one combined with efforts in high school can help students improve their job skills. In addition, more vocational training is necessary in high school. The majority of jobs only need vocational training or an associate’s degree (“7 Benefits that Prove the Value of Education”). These jobs are difficult to outsource, which makes them reliable and stable (Hamm). For instance, plumbers cannot be outsourced. America must be here in this country. A plumber in India cannot do anything to help a person with broken toilet. Finally, students can move to the workforce more quickly and efficiently without debt or outsource worries (Hamel). As a result, people in low-income areas can start earning money sooner. More job skills must be added to the high school education experience.
Poverty can be greatly reduced with new job opportunities. As the U.S. economy continues to improve, many cities are still facing high levels of youth unemployment, particularly people living in low-income regions. Furthermore, 40 percent of the young people who are most disconnected from the labor market live in the nation’s 25 largest metro areas (“Expanding Opportunities in America’s Urban Areas”). Employers should aim to help these lower-achieving students in high-risk areas find job opportunities. The U.S Department of Labor in 2014 announced they would invest $100 million dollars into an Apprenticeship Grant competition; this program became the largest federal investment in the United States regarding apprenticeship. The grant helps many hard working people find career pathways in new high-tech and high demand industries (“Expanding Opportunities in America’s Urban Areas”). Many American apprenticeships are in skill trades, but they can easily be adopted into many industries and occupations. There are many great programs for occupations, such as carpenters, plumbers, and electricians. The concept of a paid training program can be implemented into many occupations. For instance, most doctors participated in an apprenticeship. During their internships, doctors receive on-the-job and classroom-based training along with their salaries (Steinberg). Also, it would be wise to promote capitalist ventures. With over 28 million small businesses in American, these companies lead in job creation. Small businesses are responsible for 64% of new jobs each year; this situation in turn helps if the government promotes small business to open in lower income regions. It would encourage people to get a job and help them become more motivated (Parker). Poverty can be greatly reduced with the expansion of opportunity in education.
Poverty can be greatly reduced with the increase education, job skills, and opportunity. The government should make it easier to provide more opportunity to the poor, such as spending more to lower income schools to help with their needs and giving them more job skills and opportunity to help be better prepared. As the more opportunity given to people, the better they can be to excel.